Chanakyaniti – Rules to live by – Chapter 9
Chanakyaniti is rules to live by. Chanakya niti outline the guideline about how to behave in different scenarios.
- Any person aiming at deliverance must quit his bad habits and addictions as if they are poison. One must consider the qualities like tolerance, forgiveness, patience, kindness, and trust as nectar i.e. include those qualities in life.
- People who are not good at keeping their secrets and who use foul language meet quick destruction. Just like a snake trapped in a moth hill will die for sure.
- Lord Brahma create gold without fragrance, did not added sweet fruits to sugarcane, and did not added flowers in sandalwood tree. In same manner he did not granted wealth to scholars and a longer life to kings. It appears as if the advisers in his council are not so good. [Simply a satire ]
- It is commonly believed that nectar is king of all medicines, food is the most satisfying thing, eye is the queen of all sensory organs, and head is most useful body part.
- A student, servant, guard, starving person, and a traveler must be woken up when they are at duty.
- One must never disturb them while sleeping. They are tiger, king, child, others dog, serpent, and pig. Let them sleep.
- A man who recites scriptures just for making money and who has no problem in receiving alms from lowly people loses his respect permanently. People will begin treating him as an insignificant snake with no venom.
- Whose anger is incapable to inspire anyone, pleasing whom does not deliver profit, and one without authority to punish or reward are nothing, but insignificants.
- If a snake is non-poisonous, then too it must pretend like one with ability to take life. (You know your weakness, not your opponent. It might fetch you a victory)
- Wise men spend their time reading stories of gamblers in morning (Mahabharata), of women in day (Ramayana), and of a thieve at night(Gita by Shri Krishna).
- When it comes about worship then one must offer garland made by himself, sandalwood paste rubbed by his own hands, and singing a self created songs. (Moral is that worship is a personal matter and there is no point in involving a priest in it)
- A cane, fool, oilseed, gold, land, woman, pann, and sandalwood become better and better with rubdowns. (discretion is advised) [others will not complain, but some lady might object. Here, by woman Chanakya points towards the quality of a woman to adjust & adapt. ]
- Poverty can easily be dealt with patience. Even ordinary clothes appear nice if clean. Food can be consumed if hot and fresh no matter if not tasty. Similarly a good character is of great significance despite the lack of physical beauty.